This is mainly from an excerpt of an article I found from my old Anthro notes.
Abraham Maslow (1908-1970). Humanistic psychologist. Sigmund Freud studied sick people, Maslow thought we should also study Healthy people.
He found that those who live productive and rich lives are
- Self-aware and self-accepting
- Open and spontaneous
- Loving and caring
- Not paralyzed by others’ opinions (DGF)
- Focused on a particular task they often see as a mission
- Involved in a few deep relationships, not many superficial ones.
- Likely to have been moved by personal peak experiences that surpass ordinary consciousness I don’t understand this one
These mature adult qualities, wrote Maslow, are found in those who have
- Acquired enough courage to be unpopular
- Discovered their calling
- Learned enough in life to be compassionate
- Outgrown any mixed feelings about their parents
- Are “secretly uneasy about the cruelty, meanness, and mob spirit so often found in young people” (Shultz & Shultz, 2000)
- Believed that we should be nice and accepting to everyone
How does Freud’s ideas hold up in light of modern research?
He was right about
- Childhood experiences shaping personality
- Mental life is in large part unconscious
- We struggle with inner conflicts
He was wrong about
- Sex is the basis of personality development
- Personality is developed only during childhood
- Peer influence is more important than he said
- Parental influence is less important than he said
- Memory and gender identity info also fails
Freud studied a very small, specialized group of people. He is, however, still a badass.
What is the Humanistic Perspective? Psychology should be based on:
- Conscious experience
- Studying healthy people